About the Milk with Dignity Program
History and Development:
Consolidation and globalization in the food industry allow powerful retail brands to leverage their volume purchasing power and benefit from low prices. This creates downward pressure on farmers’ incomes and, ultimately, on farmworkers’ wages and working conditions. After significant immigrant rights victories and building upon years of working to improve labor and housing conditions on a farm-by-farm basis, Vermont dairy workers’ search for an effective systemic change led them to Florida. A series of farmworker-to-farmworker exchanges with the Coalition of Immokalee Workers (CIW) opened Vermont workers’ eyes to the transformative power of the Worker Driven Social Responsibility (WSR) model that fuels the CIW’s highly acclaimed Fair Food Program (FFP).
Migrant Justice’s in-depth collaborative process with the CIW and FFP helped inspire and inform the creation of the Milk with Dignity (MD) Program. In October of 2017, after years of negotiations and campaigning, Migrant Justice and Ben & Jerry's signed an historic agreement making Ben & Jerry's the first major dairy corporation to join the MD Program and require its supplier farms to come into compliance with the MD Code of Conduct. In 2018 the MD Program has made steady progress after being rolled out on the 70+ farms making up Ben & Jerry's northeast dairy supply chain.
In the first months of 2018, the newly formed independent 3rd party monitor of the MD Program, the Milk with Dignity Standards Council (MDSC) has:
- Held over 70 orientations for farmers to learn about and join the MD Program;
- Responded to dozens of worker calls and referals to its 24/7 worker support line working with farmers and farmworkers to define concrete plans to resolve violations of the MD Code of Conduct;
- Conducted over a dozen audits and will audit all farms with employees by the end of 2018 creating detailed Corrective Action Plans (CAPs) to define plans to acheive compliance;
And in 2018, Migrant Justice has:
- Conducted over 50 MD worker education sessions, teaching hundreds of dairy workers about their newly secured rights on all of Ben & Jerry's supplier farms with employees;
- Referred over a dozen workers to the MDSC 24/7 worker support line to address violations of the MD Code of Conduct and answer questions;
- Began exploratory discussions with a couple of other major dairy brands and farmworkers gearing up to expand the MD Program to secure the rights of thousands of dairy workers one supply chain at a time.
Why it's needed:
It is widely recognized that farmworkers across the U.S. face poverty-level wages, grueling work hours, and inhumane labor and housing conditions. The U.S. Department of Labor has described farmworkers as “a labor force in significant economic distress,” adding that while “production has increased… agricultural worker earnings and working conditions are either stagnant or in decline.” From the seminal CBS documentary “Harvest of Shame” in 1960 to last year’s PBS Frontline special report “Rape in the Fields,” the history of abuse of this country’s farmworkers is as well documented, as it is extensive. Further, most dairy farmers are faced with extremely challenging market conditions where the price of milk often doesn't cover farmer's costs of production placing downward pressure on farms and farm income. Vermont is no exception to these challenges. In 2014, a survey of nearly 200 Vermont dairy workers revealed the average worker labors 60-80 hours per week, and:
- 40% of farmworkers are paid less than the VT minimum wage;
- 40% have no days off;
- 28% routinely work seven hours or more without a break to eat;
- 20% have their pay illegally withheld;
- 15% do not have eight consecutive hours off, per day, to sleep; and
- 15% live in overcrowded housing and 15% have inadequate heat.
Food retailers can no longer turn a blind eye to the sub-standard labor conditions in their supply chains. The MD Program enlists the resources of participating food industry leaders, who commit to source their milk in compliance with the fundamental human rights of dairy workers, to improve farm labor conditions and help offset farmer’s costs of compliance by providing farmers premium prices for milk. Toward that end, the Program includes several crucial components for effective, sustainable farm labor reform, including: price premium payments by retail buyers to Participating Farmers to increase wages and improve labor and housing conditions, market consequences for dairy farmers that commit 0 tolerance human rights violations of the MD Code of Conduct, and supply chain transparency and accountability.
How it works:
The Milk with Dignity Program brings together farmworkers, farmers, buyers and consumers to secure dignified working conditions in dairy supply chains. The Program enlists the resources of food industry leaders to provide a premium for milk to participating farmers who agree to work towards compliance with the labor standards in the Milk with Dignity Code of Conduct. The premium helps offset farms’ costs of compliance with the Code and rewards farms that comply.
In the MD Program, compliance on the farm is achieved through a unique partnership and problem-solving approach among farmers, farmworkers, and the Milk with Dignity Standards Council (MDSC). The MDSC is an independent non-profit whose sole function is to work with farmers and farmworkers to understand, participate in, and achieve compliance with labor standards in the Code.
Operationally, the MD Program is rooted in the MD Code of Conduct. The Code is created by the very workers whose rights it is intended to protect and is further improved on through an intensive feedback loop from participating farmworkers and farmers in the MD Working Group. The Code sets standards for working conditions relating to wages, health and safety, housing, schedule and rest, non-retaliation, non-discrimination, and other labor conditions.
The MD Program is designed to encourage and support farmer compliance seeking to build participatory, fair, and dignified workplaces characterized by mutual respect, improved communication and collaborative problem solving.
In the Milk with Dignity Program, compliance on the ground is achieved through a unique partnership among farmers, farmworkers, and the Milk with Dignity Standards Council (MDSC). The MDSC is an independent non-profit organization whose sole function is oversight of the program. The MDSC was created in collaboration with, and modeled after, the highly acclaimed Fair Food Standards Council (FFSC), which administers the CIW’s Fair Food Program (FFP), called “the best work-place monitoring program” by the New York Times.
Participating Buyers sign an agreement with Migrant Justice committing to:
- Require dairy supplier farms to join the MD Program;
- Pay the MD Premium to support dignified wages and working conditions;
- Enforce market consequences — e.g., suspend purchases and/or premiums for designated period of time.
In the MD Program, Participating Farmers agree to:
Compliance with the requirements of the human rights-based MD Code of Conduct, including adequate breaks, time off, paid sick days, humane and safe staffing and working conditions, and fair housing;
A wage increase supported by premiums paid to Participating Farms by Participating Buyers;
Worker-to-worker education conducted on the farms by the Vermont-based human rights organization, Migrant Justice, to ensure workers understand rights and responsibilities under the MD Program;
Workers’ unfettered access to a complaint mechanism—with strict protections against retaliation—including a toll-free complaint line staffed by an independent monitor, the MD Standards Council (MDSC);
MDSC’s access to their workforce to investigate complaints, conduct Code compliance audits, and monitor implementation of corrective action plans (CAPs).
The MDSC is responsible for:
Supporting farmers and buyers to understand, participate and comply with program requirements;
Auditing farmers’ compliance with the MD Code of Conduct and working in partnership with farmers to develop and implement appropriate CAPs as issues are identified;
Staffing the worker complaint line and thoroughly investigating complaints that arise;
Reviewing relevant supply chain records to ensure Participating Buyers pay Program Premiums only to farmers in good standing in the Program, thereby upholding market incentives that drive farmer compliance.
The Milk with Dignity Program was created by Migrant Justice, a nonprofit, farmworker-driven human rights organization based in Burlington, Vermont. Migrant Justice educates workers as to their rights and mechanisms for redress under the Program. These educational efforts, together with the Program’s complaint process, empower workers to serve as round-the-clock, frontline defenders of their own human rights. Migrant Justice also coordinates a Working Group of Participating Farmers and farmworkers to provide feedback on the implementation of the program, negotiates with prospective Participating Buyers, and manages relations with existing Participating Buyers.
© Migrant Justice 2018